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Back to Pond Department
Where in the landscape do you want your pond? Tucked away or as a focal point?
Do you have Full Sun, Partial Sun or Shade? At least 6 hours of sunlight is needed for a Water Lily.
Is there runoff where you wish to place your pond?
Is it possible to dig down at least 18"-24"? Fish need it to be at least this deep for optimum health.
Do you have access to electricity at your proposed site?
Basics Needed to Set Up Your Pond:
Pond Liner: either rigid or flexible. When purchasing a flexible liner, measure down the sides, across the bottom and up the other side, and add on foot the each side for overlap.
Pumps need to be running for a filter and possibly a waterfall, fountain or spitter. Pumps for a waterfall need 100-150 gallons per hour per inch of waterfall width. (For example: a 10" wide waterfall – 100 x 10" = 1,000 gallons per hour coverage.)
Filters are available in mechanical (traps particles in material for removal during cleaning) and Biological (uses beneficial bacteria to feed on impurities and nutrients in the pond water). A mechanical filter should have half the volume of the pond pumped through it in an hour. Also, filters can be underwater or above ground.
Pond Flora and Fauna:
Plants come in four types: Underwater, Floating, Surface and Marginal. Underwater plants are primarily oxygenating plants.
Oxygenating plants need to be stocked one bunch per two square feet of surface coverage.
Floating plants and surface plants help to achieve the 40-60% of needed surface coverage.
Marginal plants come in a wide variety and help to create an atmosphere, as well as taking nutrients out of the pond.
Many people stock their ponds with fish, tadpoles, and snails. All will bring many hours of enjoyment to the pond.
Note: tadpoles and snails are not needed for healthy pond, but are always welcome!